Types of Veneer CutsTypes of Veneer Cuts
Types of Panel Matching
Types of Matching Between Multiple Panels
Types of Plywood
The log is mounted centrally in the lathe and turned against a razor sharp blade, like unwinding a roll of paper. Since the cut follows the log's annular growth rings, a bold grain figure is produced. Rotary cut veneer is exceptionally wide, and matching a veneer joints is relatively difficult. Almost all softwood plywood is cut in this manner. Lengths in all hardwoods are limited to 10 feet.
Flat or Plain Slicing:
The half log, or flitch, is mounted with the heart side flat against the guide plate of the slicer and the slicing is done paraleel to a line through the center of the log. This produces a figure similar to that of plain sawn lumber.
The quarter log, or flitch, is mounted on the guide plate so that the growth rings of the log strike the knife at approximately right angles. This produces a series of stripes, straight in some woods, varied in others.
This method of slicing is a variation of the rotary cutting in which segments of the log are mounted off center in the lathe. This results in a cut slightly across the annular growth rings and visually shows modified characteristics of both rotary and plain-sliced veneers. This method of cutting is often used with Red Oak.
Rift-cut veneer is produced in the various species of Oak. Oak has medullary ray cells, which radiate from the center of the log like the spokes of a wheel. The rift, or comb grain effect, is obtained by slicing slightly across the medullary rays. This accentuates the veritcal grain and minimizes the flake.