Types of Veneer Cuts

Types of Veneer Cuts
Types of Panel Matching
Architectural Matching
Types of Matching Between Multiple Panels
Types of Plywood
Wood Grades

Rotary Cut:
The log is mounted centrally in the lathe and turned against a razor sharp blade, like unwinding a roll of paper. Since the cut follows the log's annular growth rings, a bold grain figure is produced. Rotary cut veneer is exceptionally wide, and matching a veneer joints is relatively difficult. Almost all softwood plywood is cut in this manner. Lengths in all hardwoods are limited to 10 feet.

Flat or Plain Slicing:
The half log, or flitch, is mounted with the heart side flat against the guide plate of the slicer and the slicing is done paraleel to a line through the center of the log. This produces a figure similar to that of plain sawn lumber.

Quarter Slicing:
The quarter log, or flitch, is mounted on the guide plate so that the growth rings of the log strike the knife at approximately right angles. This produces a series of stripes, straight in some woods, varied in others.

Half-Round Slicing:
This method of slicing is a variation of the rotary cutting in which segments of the log are mounted off center in the lathe. This results in a cut slightly across the annular growth rings and visually shows modified characteristics of both rotary and plain-sliced veneers. This method of cutting is often used with Red Oak.

Rift Cut:
Rift-cut veneer is produced in the various species of Oak. Oak has medullary ray cells, which radiate from the center of the log like the spokes of a wheel. The rift, or comb grain effect, is obtained by slicing slightly across the medullary rays. This accentuates the veritcal grain and minimizes the flake.